Gums Growing Over Teeth – Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Our gums, the soft tissue surrounding our teeth, play a crucial role in maintaining oral health. However, when gums grow over teeth, it can lead to a condition known as gingival hyperplasia. This condition not only affects the aesthetics of our smile but can also have long-term implications for our dental health. In this article, we delve into the causes, prevention, and treatment options for gums growing over teeth, empowering you with the knowledge to protect your oral health.

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Understanding Gums Growing Over Teeth

Gingival hyperplasia refers to the excessive growth of gum tissue, which can cover the surface of the teeth, obscuring their edges. This overgrowth can occur on a single tooth or multiple teeth and range in severity from mild to severe. While it may not always indicate a serious underlying medical condition, it is essential to seek professional dental advice to determine the cause and find an appropriate treatment plan.

Causes of Gum Overgrowth

The underlying causes of gum overgrowth can vary. Some factors known to contribute to this condition include:

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene: Insufficient brushing and flossing can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar, which irritates the gums and triggers inflammation. This inflammation can stimulate the overproduction of gum tissue.

  2. Hormonal Changes: Fluctuating hormone levels during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause can affect the sensitivity of the gums, making them more susceptible to irritation and overgrowth.

  3. Medications: Certain medications, such as anti-seizure drugs, immunosuppressants, and calcium channel blockers, have been associated with gingival hyperplasia as a side effect.

  4. Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to gum overgrowth. This hereditary condition is characterized by the excessive production of collagen, a protein that forms the structural framework of the gums.

  5. Other Medical Conditions: Some systemic diseases, such as leukemia, diabetes, and HIV, can affect the immune system and lead to gum overgrowth as a symptom.

Impact of Gums Growing Over Teeth

Gums growing over teeth can have several negative consequences, including:

  1. Periodontal Disease: When gums overgrow, they can create pockets around the teeth, providing a breeding ground for bacteria. This can lead to the development of periodontal disease, which can damage the supporting structures of the teeth and ultimately result in tooth loss.

  2. Dental Caries: Gum overgrowth can make it challenging to clean the surfaces of the teeth effectively, increasing the risk of tooth decay and cavities.

  3. Bad Breath (Halitosis): Overgrown gums can trap food particles and bacteria, leading to the buildup of plaque and the production of unpleasant odors.

  4. Difficulty Eating: In severe cases, gum overgrowth can interfere with chewing and speaking, causing discomfort and affecting overall quality of life.

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Prevention of Gum Overgrowth

While not all cases of gum overgrowth can be prevented, certain measures can help reduce the risk of developing this condition:

  1. Maintain Excellent Oral Hygiene: Regular brushing and flossing are crucial for removing plaque and bacteria from the surfaces of the teeth and gums.

  2. Visit Your Dentist Regularly: Professional dental cleanings and checkups allow your dentist to monitor your gum health and address any issues in their early stages.

  3. Avoid Smoking: Smoking damages the gums and makes them more susceptible to inflammation and overgrowth.

  4. Control Blood Sugar Levels: Individuals with diabetes should manage their blood sugar levels effectively to reduce the risk of gum inflammation and overgrowth.

Treatment Options for Gums Growing Over Teeth

Depending on the severity of gum overgrowth and its underlying causes, several treatment options are available:

  1. Scaling and Root Planing: This non-surgical procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth and roots. It helps reduce inflammation and prevent further progression of gum overgrowth.

  2. Gum Surgery (Gingivectomy): In cases of severe gum overgrowth, surgical intervention may be necessary. Gingivectomy involves the removal of excess gum tissue to expose the crowns of the teeth and improve oral hygiene.

  3. Dental Laser Treatment: Laser therapy can effectively remove overgrown gum tissue with precision while minimizing bleeding and discomfort.

  4. Orthodontic Treatment: In some cases, braces or clear aligners can be used to adjust the position of the teeth, reducing the pressure on the gums and preventing their overgrowth.

How To Fix Gums Growing Over Teeth


Gums growing over teeth is not just a cosmetic concern but a potential indicator of underlying health issues. By understanding the causes, prevention, and treatment options, you can take proactive steps to safeguard your oral health. Remember to maintain excellent oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly, and address any concerns about gum health promptly to prevent or manage gingival hyperplasia effectively. Empower yourself with knowledge, prioritize your oral health, and enjoy a radiant smile that reflects your overall well-being.

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