Dental Emergency – How to Fix a Broken Tooth at Home

A broken tooth can strike at any moment, leaving you in excruciating pain, embarrassed, and anxious about the cost of the repair. While a trip to the dentist is always recommended, there are some temporary measures you can take at home to alleviate discomfort and protect your tooth until you can get to a dental professional.

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Understanding Tooth Fractures

Tooth fractures can range from minor chips to severe breaks. The severity of the fracture will determine the best course of action. Here are the four main types of tooth fractures:

  • Enamel fracture: A minor fracture that only affects the outermost layer of the tooth, causing a small chip or crack.
  • Dentin fracture: A fracture deeper than the enamel, extending into the dentin layer. This can be painful and may require a filling or dental crown.
  • Pulp fracture: A fracture that damages the pulp, the innermost part of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels. This is a dental emergency, requiring a root canal or extraction.
  • Root fracture: A fracture that damages the root of the tooth, which anchors it in the jawbone. This is also a dental emergency.

Home Remedies for Broken Teeth

While it’s important to visit a dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment, here are some short-term measures you can take at home:

1. Control Bleeding

If your tooth is bleeding, apply pressure to the affected area with a clean gauze or tea bag for 10-15 minutes. The tea bag contains tannins, which have hemostatic properties.

2. Relieve Pain

Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Avoid using aspirin, as it can exacerbate bleeding. If your pain is severe, you may want to apply a cold compress to your face.

3. Protect the Tooth

Use dental wax or sugar-free gum to cover the sharp edges of the broken tooth. This will protect your tongue and cheeks from cuts and irritation.

4. Keep the Area Clean

Rinse your mouth with warm salt water to remove any debris and keep the area clean. You can also use hydrogen peroxide as a mouthwash, but only for a short period of time, as prolonged use can irritate your tissue.

5. See a Dentist as Soon as Possible

Temporary measures are short-term solutions. It’s crucial to consult a dentist as soon as possible to have your tooth professionally repaired before it becomes more severely damaged or infected.

Tips for Prevention

To reduce your risk of a broken tooth, follow these tips:

  • Wear a mouthguard during contact sports or activities with a high risk of impact.
  • Avoid chewing on hard foods, such as ice or hard candy.
  • Brush and floss your teeth regularly to maintain a healthy oral environment.
  • Visit your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings to address any potential issues before they become serious.

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How To Fix A Broken Tooth At Home


A broken tooth can be a distressing experience, but remember that there are temporary measures you can take at home to alleviate pain and protect your tooth. However, it’s essential to visit a dentist as soon as possible for proper repair to preserve your oral health and prevent any further damage or complications. By following these home remedies and taking preventive measures, you can maintain a healthy, strong smile for a lifetime.

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